Naming the Property
Geologists call a mountain-building episode that occurred 400 million years ago the "Taconic Orogeny." In this major geological event, which built much of the Appalachians, volcanic sediment was shoved westward. At its peak, the Taconic plateau was a mountain that soared over 20,000 feet, but after 400 years of erosion what remains today's Taconic Plateau is only one-tenth the size of its original height is the base. No doubt this massive erosion and wearing down created the abundant rock and stone deposits that abound on the plateau slopes and valley. With commanding views north into Sheffield, MA and west into Norfolk, CT, Bingham Brook Farm is named after the brook that originates from Bingham Pond on top of the Mt. Riga Plateau (the southern portion of the Taconic Plateau) and meanders through the length of the property before merging into Ball Brook.
While the State of Connecticut officially designates the brook as Bingham Pond Brook, an historic 1850 - 1874 Beers Atlas maps at the University of Connecticut’s Historical Scanned Map Collection (Petersen Collection at the Homer Babbidge Library) clearly show the name as Bingham Brook. The map also designates the plateau as the "Taghkanic Range", which has also been written in other sources as "Tocannick Mt.". This same map also shows the site of the ore mine for which Scoville Ore Mine Road is named as belonging to the Salisbury Mining Company.
Bingham Pond rests on the Mt. Riga Plateau at an elevation of 1,894 feet, and at Latitude 42.02028 North and Longitude -73.46639 West. The pond is an example of an extremely rare undisturbed cold Northern Black Spruce Bog, atypical due to the lack of sphagnum moss as a component of the floating mat on the bog. Bingham Pond, which is also classified as a "quaking bog" is the highest pond in the state of Connecticut and embraces characteristic bog plants, and fine specimens of black spruce, tamarack, larch, Cassandra, mountain ash and mosses. The bog areas are extremely fragile and easily destroyed.
In May 1973 Bingham Pond was Dedicated a National Natural Landmark. The site is one of the 56 (probably more today) National Natural Landmarks (NNLs) in New England, among hundreds nationwide. NNLs are an attempt by the National Park Service and participating landowners to identify and recognize the best examples of biological and geological features of the United States.